I think my adult students understand English and subsequently learn that language also by intuition.
similar words in Spanish help,
the context as well,
what they already know is another aid,
learning what the topic is helps too.
They hear me and listen to me – the second is active whilst the first is passive. And they are acquainted with my way of teaching and with the worksheets I hand them over. / Photo from: research-shows-that-volunteering-is-good-for-older-adults-health www captel com