Since the moment when a student takes and makes initiatives at learning English, French, etc., since that moment, we can say he’s an autonomous leaner and more likely he will learn and acquire the foreign language.
On the other hand, if the student just confines his learning the language at what they’re studying in such and such unit from the textbook, and doesn’t take any initiative, we can say that person will not learn and acquire, or better said, he will achieve rather little.
In the process of learning and acquiring a language the student has to be autonomous; must desire and wish to learn and acquire.
On another day I will write a bit more about learning and acquiring a language: every person at whatever age can also acquire the language. / Photo from: Adult-Student-Engaged-in-a-MOOC-38484312-Ammentorp evollution com