The student has to participate in the class.
He cannot be a mere passive listener.
All this depends on the teacher’s methodology. The teacher has to ask his students frequently, often.
The student is the main protagonist of his process of learning and acquiring the English language. It is he who has to learn and invest effort in carrying out the activities proposed by his teacher.
The student that learns English the most is the one that participates, that intervenes, that contributes to the class. / Photo from: steve benen. www msnbc com. The picture here is a mere illustration